The Circumnavigators - by Don Holm



bluewater adventuring, especially since the publication of Captain
Slocum's best-selling classic (still in print), Sailing Alone Around
the World. The insatiable appetite of readers who long for escape
from their humdrum lives of quiet desperation and find it vicariously
in the books of others is only whetted by each new one that gets
published. The post-World War II boom in ocean voyaging, which
leaped into a vigorous new generation of bluewater sailing in the
1960s with the Chichesters and the Roses, has become the phenome-
non of the 1970s. And there seems to be no limit in sight, as long as
the oceans remain free to the voyages, the voyagers, and their litera-
  Another phenomenon of the 1970s has been the boom in book col-
lecting, usually in specialized fields of interest voyaging, for example.
This has resulted in the rebirth and reprinting of many old classics,
and a haunting of old book stores by aficionados. Many a rare edition
has turned up, such as Tom Drake's The Log of the Lone Sea Rover,
for lucky finders.
  This bibliography is as complete as I could make it, yet still remains
within shouting distance of the central theme of The Circumnavi-
gators. It includes volumes which are available in English, either in
print or in libraries or in the possession of collectors, wherever they
may be. Many of these books include not only narratives of high ad-
venture, but also practical information on bluewater boats, heavy
weather sailing, provisioning, and other fascinating details. Some of
them are abominable examples of amateur writing, but are valuable
for other reasons. In a couple of instances, even novels were included,
such as the all-time classic of yachting, Erskine Childers' The Riddle
of the Sands, not only for their literary excellence, but because they
are based on real events and people.
  During my own research for The Circumnavigators, I made an
interesting discovery: Many of the voyagers reported encounters with
others at various times in various parts of the world. By cross-checking

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these references, it was possible to get a more accurate perspective
and more insight into the unwritten motives in many instances.
  These are the books (and the list is in no way complete) I believe
would be of interest to would-be voyagers, to collectors, to ordinary
readers, and to all those home-bound souls seeking a vicarious passport
to adventure on the oceans of the world.

   ALLCARD, Edward, Single-Handed passage (New York: W. W. Norton & Co., Inc., 1950).
           , Temptress Returns (New York: W. W. Norton & Co.Inc., 1953).
           , Voyage Alone (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1964).
An English naval architect and marine surveyor Edward C. Allcard ran away
to sea and abandoned his career in 1947 to become the dean of the loners who
live the lives of sea birds that wander the oceans of the world. He is the British
edition of that French iconoclast, Alain Gerbault. Literate and worth reading.

    ANSON, Lord George, A Voyage Around the World (London and New York: J. M. Dent& Sons, Ltd., and E. P. Dutton & Co., 1911).
Worth reading, along with the accounts of circumnavigations by Dampier and
Woodes Rodgers during the golden age of sea exploration when England, France,
Portugal, Spain, and the Dutch fought for trade routes and dominance over the
oceans. Most of their ships were not much larger than present-day yachts, and
all of them were less seaworthy and less well-equipped. Anson's account of his
voyage in the years 1740-1744 is valuable not only for details of the sea routes and
encounters with foreigners in such places as Macao and Canton, but the intro-
duction by John Masefield to this edition is a superb description of the British
sailor and his life at sea in those times. No wonder they called them "iron men
in wooden ships."

    ANTHONY, Irvin, Voyagers Unafraid (Philadelphia: Macrae Smith Co., 1930).

   BARDIAUX, Marcel, 4 Winds of Adventure (New York and London: Adlard Coles, Ltd. and John de Graff, Inc., 1961; 
originally published in France by Flammarion in 1958).
The rambling narrative of one of France's greatest singlehanders, including the
incredible account of building Les Quatre Vents under the noses of the Germans
during the Occupation, and the author's subsequent daring and often hilarious
adventures on his ultimate circumnavigation, although this volume takes you only
as far as Tahiti (and maybe that's as far as you want to go) .

   BARTON, Humphrey D. E., The Sea and Me (London: Ross, 1952).
           , Vertue XXXV (New York: John de Graff, Inc., 1951 ) .
Popular works by the venerable, salt-encrusted, irrepressible grand old man of
British yachting.

   BAUM, Richard, By the Wind (New York: Van Nostrand, 1962).

   BELLOC, Hilaire, The Cruise of the Nona (Boston: Houghton-Mifflin Co., 1925).

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        , On Sailing the Sea (New York: John de Graff, Inc., 1951 ) .
Delightful books by one of the most literate of all writers of the sea and small

    BERNICOT, Louis, The Voyage of the Anahita (London: Rupert Hart-Davis, 1953).
This account of a singlehanded voyage around the world is one of the best by one
of the least-celebrated of all the solo circumnavigators. Probably the best-loved of
the French voyagers, Bernicot ironically predicted his own death a fall from the
mast of the Anahita.

   BLYTH, Chay, The Impossible Voyage (New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1972 ) .
The hastily tossed together hodgepodge of this British stunter's life and solo cir
cumnavigation in the British Steel, sponsored by the British steel industry and
various others in England. If nothing else, it is a graphic account of how badly
Britain wants to excel on the seas again, as in the days of the old empire.

   BOMBARD, Alain, The Voyage of the Heretique (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1954).
One of the stunters, Bombard, as a 27-year-old medical student, crossed the
Atlantic alone in a 15-foot rubber dinghy without stores or water. Valuable as
a clinical account of survival at sea.

   BORDEN, Charles, Sea Quest (Philadelphia: Macrae Smith Co., 1967 ) .
A personalized narrative of selected voyages and voyagers by an experienced
sailorman and talented writer, with some interesting observations on types of craft,
dangers encountered, and personalities involved. The late author had a career as
colorful as any of his subjects, and had sailed the Pacific in his own 17-foot sloop.

   BRADFIELD, S. E., Road to the Sea (London: Temple Press, 1964).

   BRADFORD, Ernle, Ulysses Found. (New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1964).

   BRASSEY, Mrs., Around the World in the Yacht Sunbeam (New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1879) .
The housewifely account of a Victorian voyage around the later 1870s on the
brigantine Sunbeam, with eleven passengers and a crew of thirty-two, including
nurse, ladies' maid, and stewardess, by the wife of Thomas Brassey, Esq., M. P.,
millionaire liberal member of Parliament. Those days are gone forever, and al
most forgotten.

   BRUCE:, Erroll, Challenge to Poseidon (New York: Van Nostrand, 1956) .
A collection of adventures at sea.

   CALDWELL, John, Desperate Voyage (New York: Ballantine Books, 1949).
The incredible account of an ex-merchant seaman who bought a 29-foot cutter
in Panama and blundered across the Pacific to the ultimate end on a reef in order
to be reunited with his sweetheart, Mary, in Australia in the hectic months fol-
lowing World War II.

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  Even if only half true, this is surely one of the most harrowing adventure (and
love) stories ever written. What Caldwell lacked in literacy, he made up for in
the sheer vigor, raw manhood, and resourcefulness of a young man against the
unforgiving sea.
  Caldwell eventually made it to Australia, was reunited with his Mary, and
with the fortune he must have made off this book built a Hanna Carol and
a Herreshoff ketch, and with his wife and kiddies embarked on further and more
sedate voyages. At last report he was managing a resort hotel in the West Indies.

   CARLIN, Ben, Half-Safe (New York: Morrow, 1955).
The account of an amphibious trip around the world in the war surplus landing
craft, Half-Safe, an optimistic name even at best, by the Australian, Ben Carlin.
As a flack for an oil company in the 1960s, I had the duty of waving him on his
way as he blundered his way through the Pacific Northwest of North America.

   CHAPELLE, Howard I., American Small Sailing Craft ( New York: W. W. Norton & Co., Inc., 1951).
A classic, still in print and going strong, this one is more than just what the title
suggests It is a brilliant history of the development of the best of American sailing
craft under 40 feet, most of which were work boats, by a veteran naval architect,
author, and head of the Department of Transportation of the Smithsonian In-
stitution. The discussion on building boats and seaworthiness of small craft alone,
makes it worth the price of admission.

   CHAPMAN, Walker, The Loneliest Continent (Greenwich Conn.; New York: Graphic Society Publishers, Ltd., 1964) .
Resumes of some of the explorations of the southern continent. Interesting ones
include that of Captain James Cook, and that of young Nat Palmer, who cap-
tained a supply ship while still in his teens, and made some important discoveries.
At least two modern yachtsmen, Drs. David Lewis and Bob Grifffith, have at-
tempted Cook's circumnavigation of the continent in modem times.

   CHATTERTON, E. Keble, Ships and Ways of Other Days ( London: Sidgwick & Jackson, Ltd., 1913).
Chatterton was one of Britain's best-known yachtsmen and maritime writers in
the early part of the century.

   CHICHESTER, Sir Francis, Gipsy Moth Circles the World (New York: Coward McCann, 1968; 
 London, Hodder and Stoughton, 1967).
        , Alone Across the Atlantic (New York: Doubleday, 1961) .
        , Atlantic Adventure (New York: John de Graff, 1963) .
        , Along the Clipper Way (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1966.
        , The Lonely Sea and the Sky (New York: Coward-McCann, 1964).
The best-known works of that prolific writer of the sea and ocean voyages, and
one of Britain's most astonishing sailors, who started out as a dare-devil airplane
pilot. They reveal some of the inner workings of a born rebel who never let any-
thing stop him from doing anything he felt like, and who was a master of getting
himself out of the jams he got himself into.

   CHILDERS, Erskine, The Riddle of the Sands (London: Rupert Hart-Davis, 1969).
One of the many editions of this classic sea-spy novel. It is considered not only
first-rate fiction, but the greatest yachting story ever written. As a tale of espio-

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nage, it was accurate and prophetic of later events. The author, a clerk in Parlia-
ment, became a leader in the Irish Rebellion, and a smuggler of arms (two of his
co-conspirators were none other than Conor O'Brien and his sister). Childers
was eventually executed by the l.R.A.

   CLEMENTS, Rex, A Gipsy of the Horn (London: Ruper Hart-Davis, 1951).
Narrative of a voyage around the world in a three-masted bark, and how good it
was (and wasn't) in the old windjammer days. Good reading and lots of on-
board information about ports of call, sea conditions, and routes along the old
clipper track, which is now becoming popular with yachtsmen.

   CLIFFORD, Brian, The Voyage of the Golden Lotus (New York}: John de Graff, Inc., 1963) .

   COLE, Jean, Trimaran Against the Trades (Tuckahoe, N.Y.: John de Graff, Inc., 1970).
 (First published in 1968 by A. H. & A. W. Reed, Wellington, N.Z. ) .
The voyage of the Piver trimaran Galinule, from Mobasa, Africa, to Wellington,
N.Z., by the Cole family when their farm in Kenya was "confiscated" by the
new government. On a trimaran they built themselves, the family found a new
life in a new land. On the voyage were George and Jean Cole; their son, Charles,
and daughter, Jane; and Granny Emie, who was ninety years old at the start of
the voyage.

   COLES, Kaines Adlard, Heavy Weather Sailing (New York: John de Graff, Inc., 1968).
A sobering, sensible, and painstakingly accurate analysis of storms at sea and the
handling of small craft therein, especially under conditions of ultimate survival.
Mandatory reading for any serious bluewater voyager, by a veteran yachtsman
and writer.
           , Close-Hauled (London: Seeley, Service & Co.).
           , North Atlantic (New York: Norton, 1950).
           , In Broken Water (London: Seeley, Service & Co., 1925).
             In Finnish Waters (London: Edward Amold & Co.,
             1932) .
Other fine books of cruising by the same author, accompanied by his wife.

   COLLINS, Dale, Sea Tracks of the Speejacks (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday Page & Co., 1923).
A rare volume, the narrative of the voyage of the Speejacks, a 98-foot motor
yacht, around the world in the Roaring Twenties, with the owner, a wealthy young
midwest sportsman, his wife, and a crew of twelve. This is how they did it, when
they had money, in the days of bathtub gin, Stutz Bearcats, and the Charleston
dance. Worth reading, if only for the nostalgia, and the contrast to other cir--

   COLVIN, Thomas, Coastwise and Offshore Cruising Wrinkles (New York: Seven Seas Press, 1972).
Some design ideas and philosophies by a self-taught naval architect, and some
practical suggestions for outfitting and sailing small boats on long voyages. In-
cludes some excellent charts for sea-wind conditions, when to reef and when to
heave-to. Colvin is best-known for his shoal draft vessels and his modern version
of the Chinese junk rig.

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   CONRAD, Joseph, Sea Stories (London: Rupert Hart-Davis, 1969) .
A recent edition of an old classic. Somewhat tedious reading today, but the feel
of the sea by this master of both fiction and ships is ageless.

   COOK, Captain James, The Explorations of Captain James Cook:
As told by Selections of His Own Journals, 1768-1779 (New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1970).
One of the many reprints of the journals of this great pathfinder and sea ex-
plorer. Valuable to anyone voyaging around the Pacific.

   CREALOCK, W. I. B., Cloud of Islands (New York: Hastings, 1955).

   CROCKER, Templeton, Cruise of the Zaca (New York: Harper, 1923).
Another product of the 1920s, this time a voyage to the South Seas in utter 

   CROWE, Bill and Phyllis, Heaven, Hell and Salt Water (New
York: John de Graff, Inc., 1957) .
A rather wild title for an otherwise delightful book about how one American
couple dropped out of the rat race in the late 1930s, and took to the sea in their
own yacht, eventually sailing around the world in Lang Syne, a Block Island
schooner, which they built themselves on the beach at Waikiki in the halcyon
days just before Pearl Harbor.
  What they lack in writing ability is made up for generously in their never-
failing good humor, thorough competence and ability to handle easily any situa-
tion, including diplomatic as well as nautical and mechanical.
  At this writing, the Crowes were still cruising in Lang Syne, in out-of-the-
way places such as Baja, with the same quiet enthusiasm.

   DAMPIER William, A New Voyage Around the World (New York: Dover Publications, inc., 1968) .
A paperback version of the original published in 1967, by one of the most re-
markable adventurers and travel writers who ever lived; in a period of discovery
and exploration, political intrigue, buccaneers and privateers, and the stirrings of
modern science and inquiry.

   DARWIN, Charles, The Voyage of the Beagle (New York: Bantam Books, 1958).
A recent paperback edition of this classic, which is as good reading today as
when written by the young scientist who sailed on a five-year voyage, while still
in his twenties a voyage that provided him with a lifetime career, plus his
famous theory of evolution. A fascinating and remarkable journal by a gifted
naturalist and writer, and one of the great minds of the nineteenth century. His
accounts of explorations in the Magellan and Chilean straits will interest all
small boat voyagers. His theory of how atolls were formed has been confirmed by
modem test drilling through coral on South Pacific expeditions.

   DAVENPORT, Philip, The Voyage of Waltzing Matilda (London: Hutchinson, 1953, 
New York: Dodd, Mead, 1954).
Voyage of the 46-foot Australian cutter to England, by way of the Strait of
Magellan in the 1950s. The vessel was eventually lost at sea under new owner-

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   DAVISON, Ann, Last Voyage (New York: Sloan 1952) .
               , My Ship Is So Small (New York: Sloan, 1956) .
The writings of a famous lady singlehander who went on sailing after her husband
died at sea, although obviously in a perpetual state of semi-terror. More the con-
quering of one's fears and the seeking of peace of mind, than of voyaging.

   DAY, Beth, Joshua Slocum, Sailor (Boston: Houghton-Mifflin Co., 1953).
A little-known version of the famed captain's life and voyages, from information
taken by the author from Slocum's daughter, Jessie Slocum Joyce. It is written
on the juvenile level, but contains some previously unpublished details of the
family, although it avoids some of the more unpleasant details such as the birth
and death of the twins on the schooner in the Bering sea and some of Josh's other
trials and tribulations.

   DAY, Thomas Fleming, The Voyage of the Detroit (New York: Rudder Publishing Co., 1929).
          , Across the Atlantic in Sea Bird (Huntington, L.I.: Fore and Aft, 1926) .
Rare today, but two of the best-known works of Day, veteran editor of Rudder
the father of American yachting and "day" sailing, who designed and built the
famous Sea Bird and sailed her to Gibraltar and Italy in 1911. The first practical
home-built type sailing yacht capable of ocean voyages, Sea Bird was the basis for
Pidgeon's Islander, Wightman's Wylo, Voss's Sea Queen, and hundreds of others.
In 1912, with a crew of three, he took the 35-foot motor boat Detroit across the
North Atlantic to Russia, where it was confiscated The plans of Sea Bird are
still available from Rudder after all these years.

   DE BISSCHOP, Eric, The Voyage of the Kamiloa (London: G. Bell & Sons, Ltd., 1940).
An unusual book by a good writer on a unique voyage that was generally over-
looked in the confusion of war when it first appeared. A student of oceanography,
de Bisschop sailed from Hawaii to France in a Polynesian contraption consisting
of two canoes lashed together with a platform. More than just a stunt.

   DEVINE, Eric, Midget Magellans (New York: Harrison Smith & Robert Haas, 1935).
Some brief accounts of earlier bluewater voyages, but out of date and incomplete

   DIBBERN, George, Quest (New York: Norton, 1941) .
Rare but good.

   DODD, Edward H., Jr., Great Dipper to Southern Cross (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1930).
Voyage of the 72-foot Chance from New England to Australia in the late 1920s.

   DRAKE, Thomas, The Log of the Lone Sea Rover (Stanwood,
Wash Privately printed. Date unknown).         
Very rare, this is the somewhat questionable narrative of the adventures of the
Baron Munchausen of voyagers, Captain Tommy Drake, who was shipwrecked
in every boat he sailed on, including the last one, in which he went missing. Most

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of the information about him comes from the "morgue" files of the Seattle

   DUMAS, Vito, Alone Through the Roaring Forties (New York: John de Graff, Inc., 1960; also, Adlard Coles, Ltd.).
Dumas, a middle-aged Argentinian of Italian descent became the first man to
sail alone around the world east-about and in the high southern latitudes and
completed the longest nonstop passages until Francis Chichester's day, in what
was a personal adventure of incredible hardships and personal courage to the
point of being almost masochistic. His seven-year itch became a two-year cir-
cumnavigation under the worst possible weather and sea conditions. The book
suffers from poor translation from the original, which was neglected and over-
looked during World War II.

    EDDY, Alan, So You Want to Sail Around the World (Catskill N.Y.: Allied Boat Co., no date).
A rare sleeper, long out of print, this was originally a promotion publication by
the company that built the first fiberglass boat to sail around the world. Tan-
talizingly sketchy, it contains much valuable information for the aspiring blue-
water voyager, including costs, dangers involved, and weather. Included also is a
chilling account of an attack by a school of whales on his tiny vessel.

   ELAM, Patrick and MUDIE, Colin, Sopranino (New York: John de Graff, Inc., 1958).
The story of Sopranino, designed by the brilliant Jack Giles, which at 20 feet
overall length, became the first practical small vessel capable of safe ocean
passages, and was a prototype for others to come, such as Trekka. With great
wit and charm, it narrates also Sopranino's first great test, across the Atlantic to
the West Indies and the United States, with two carefree and adventurous lads.
Mudie went on to become one of England's most imaginative and best-known
small-boat designers. In a way, his career was similar to that of the late Uffa Fox,
who was a crew member on Nutting's Typhoon, in the early 1920s, a voyage
which resulted in the organization of the prestigious Cruising Club of America.

   FAHNESTOCK, Bruce and Sheridan, Stars to Windwurd (New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1930).
Narrative of the voyage of the 60-foot schooner Director, on a circumnavigation
from New York that ended in the Orient because of illness. With a crew of six,
the voyage was for the most part a gay and often hilarious one, led by two
members of a notoriously irrepressible Washington, D.C., family.

   FAHNESTOCK, Mary Sheridan, I Ran Away to Sea at Fifty (New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1939).
Another account of the voyage of the Director, by the madcap mother of the
Fahnestock boys, who joined the vessel for part of the cruise after her husband
died of pneumonia.

   FENGER, Frederic A., The Cruise of the Diablesse (New York: Yachting, Inc., 1926).
              , Alone in the Caribbean (New York: George H. Doran Co., 1917).
Two sea yarns by a charter member of the CCA, both with displays of right good
seamanship, with a dash of adventurism. The latter is the log of the seventeen-
foot sailing canoe, Yakaboo, on a six-month voyage through the Lesser Antilles.

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   FOX Uffa, Sailing, Seamanship, and Yacht Construction (London: P. Davies, Ltd. 1934).
A classic by the famed British sailor and designer, who made his first ocean voyage
in Nutting's Typoon.

   FREEMAN, Ira Henry, White Sails Shaking (New York: Macmillan, 1948).
Some superficial excerpts from a few well-known voyages.

   GARRETT, Alastair (ed.), Roving Commissions (London: RCC Press, Royal Cruising Club of London, no date).
Annual collection of cruising logs by members of the most prestigious cruising
club in the world, with the possible exception of America's own CCA.

   GATTY, Harold, The Raft Book (New York: George Grady Press, 1943).
This little jewel is now extremely rare, although hundreds of thousands of copies
were printed during World War 11 in various editions. It was designed as a
handbook for survival in the days when American ships and airplanes were being
sunk and shot down by the hundreds. Gatty, who gained fame in the 1930s as
navigator on the Post-Gatty round-the-world flight, was a student of oceanography
as well as a navigator, with particular interest in the ways of the ancient Poly-
nesian seafarers. He compressed into one pocket-sized volume an astonishing
amount of lore of the sea, sky, and island life and how to find one's way across
trackless oceans with only the tools used by tie Polynesians. The book contains
(at least my edition does, which I acquired while in the navy during the war)
fold-out star charts, wind and current charts, and the materials for making navi-
gation tools.
  Bombard, in his raft voyage across the Atlantic, cursed Gatty for what he
called "inaccuracies." Sir Francis Chichester, who was staunchly naive about any-
thing American in spite of his worldliness in other areas of thought, claimed
Gatty had told him that the book had been privately printed, and some 400,000
copies sold, which would have made the author a millionaire, which may have
been true, but the Army-Navy editions alone would have exceeded this.

   GERBAULT, Alain, The Fight of the Firecrest (New York:
Appleton [John de Graff, Inc.], originally published in 1926).
         , In Quest of the Sun (New York: Doubleday [John de Graff, Inc.], 1955).
         , The Gospel of the Sun (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1933) .
The principal writings of the most famous of the French circumnavigators, which
at times become rather tedious when he lapses into his noble savage themes.

   GILPIN, Vincent, The Good Little Ship (Narbeth, Pa.: Livingston Publishing Co., 1961 ) .
A valuable little book with some startling concepts of seaworthy small-boat de-
sign, first published in 1952 with an introduction by the late L. Francis Her
reshoff. It is primarily a discussion of the seakindliness and sailing qualities of the
Presto class offshore boats designed more than seventy years ago by Commodore
R. N. Munroe of Coconut Grove, Florida.

   GRAHAM, Robert D., Rough Passage (New York: John de Graff, 1952; 
also, Rupert Hart-Davis).
A classic of small-boat voyaging, but not a circumnavigation.
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   GRAHAM Robin Lee (with Derek L. T. Gill), Dove (New York: Harper & Row, Pubiishers, 1972).
At last the book version of the remarkable circumnavigation by a sixteen-year-
old California lad in a 24-foot sloop (later replaced by a 33-foot Allied sloop).
The original defanged and sanforized version appeared in a series of articles in
the National Geographic Society magazine. The book gives Robin's version of
how he was almost literally "pushed" from port to port by his ambitious father
and the contractual commitments made in his behalf, when all he wanted to do
was be with the girl he found in the Fijis. Not a writer himself, Graham had the
book "ghosted" by another from transcripts of rambling tape recordings made on
the passages, and from the logs. The book suffers from this treatment.

   GUZZWELL, John, Trekka Around the World (New York: John de Graff, Inc., 1963). (Adlard Coles, Ltd).
An uncommonly good narrative by an uncommonly engaging young Briton, the
first Englishman to sail alone around the world, and at the time, in the smallest
vessel. His version of the side trip, with the Smeetons on Tzu Hang, when they
capsized near Cape Horn, is better than the Smeetons', although Guzzwell had
the benefit of that version when he wrote his own. Guzzwell, for his age, was an
extremely competent and level-minded person who got on well with everyone,
and only lapsed once into the Briton's inevitabie snide non sequitur about Ameri-
cans and things American and in this instance it probably was a bit of gratui-
tous revision by some obscure little editor. Trekka is one of the best of the
modern narratives of circumnavigation, and a pity that it went out of print so

   HEATON, Peter, The Sea Gets Bluer (London: Black, 1965).
Selections of voyages from some of the author's favorite writer-sailors.

   HENDERSON Richard, Sea Sense (Camden, Maine: International Marine Publishing Co., i972 ) .
Some good advice for those who would venture offshore in small boats, backed
up by logic and examples.

   HERRESHOFF, L. Francis, Sensible Cruising Designs (Camden, Maine: International Marine Publishing Company, 1973).
A collection of some of the old master's finest designs including the famed
Marco Polo, H-28, Ticonderoga, and Nereia. Included also is the unbuilt (as yet)
Ocean Cruiser, a 49-foot salty ketch, designed originally for William Albert
Robinson as the ultimate world cruiser. Robbie later selected the design of Varua,
by W. Starling Burgess, in which Herreshoff also had a hand.
  This was Herreshoff's final literary effort, edited by Roger C. Taylor, and con-
tains the master's last words, which are just as vigorous and pithy as always.

   HISCOCK, Eric, Around the World in Wanderer III (New York and London: Oxford University Press 1956) .
       , Voyaging Under Sail. 1959.
       , Cruising Under Sail. 1950.
       , Beyond the Western Horizon. 1963.
The earlier books from this prolific writer, who has made a profession of cruising
the world's oceans with his wife as first mate, and writing about it. The unques-
tionable dean of British bluewater yachtsmen, Hiscock is noted for his accuracy
and good common sense. Mandatory reading for anyone contemplating cruises off-

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   HISCOCK, Eric, Sou'West in Wanderer IV (London: Oxford University Press, 1973).
The latest book by this famous authority on world voyaging, and also one of the
best. It tells of the trials and tribulations suffered by him and Susan: having
their "retirement boat" built in Holland; the latent poor workmanship, inflated
prices, and low quality of marine parts and equipment they had to put up with;
and the problems they had getting the yacht outfitted and shaken down. The new
yacht owner will find a sense of relief in this book, knowing that it happens even
to the best of them.
  The book also takes the Hiscocks from England, across the Atlantic, to winter
in Southern California, next to Hawaii, and then on to New Zealand.  

    HOLDRIDGE, Desmond, Northern Lights (New York: Viking, 1939)
Not a circumnavigation, or even a bluewater voyage, but a gripping narrative of
a winter voyage off Labrador in a small boat with a feuding crew. A little-known

   HOWARD, Sydney, Thames to Tahiti (London: G. Bell & Sons, 1933; also, Rupert Hart-Davis).
A good account of a 12,000-mile, 13-month voyage by the narrator and a friend
from London to the Marquesas via Panama in the Pacific Moon.

   HOWELL, William, White Cliffs to Coral Reefs (London: Odhams, 1957).
The often ribald narrative of that irrepressible seagoing dentist, "Tahiti Bill"
Howell, on his first bluewater voyage in the Hiscocks' old Wanderer II.

   HOWELLS, Valentine, Sailing into Solitude (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1966).
Often confused with Bill Howell, Howells is a different type of sailor, and a
different kind of personality, whose speciality is the transatlantic race.

   JOHNSON, Irving and Electra, Yankee's Wander-World (New York: W. W. Norton & Co., Inc., 1949).
            , Westward Bound in the Schooner Yankee.
            , Sailing To See.
            , Yankee's People and Places.
Readers of the National Geographic magazine will have been exposed to most of
this material over the past thirty years or so, and fans will be glad to know
that this durable couple is still cruising at this writing in European waters on
another Yankee.

   JOHNSON, Irving Shamrock V's Wild Voyage Home (Springfield, Mass.: Milton Bradley, 1933j.
 Not so well known, indeed rather rare, is an earlier book by Irving, of ferry-
ing the Shamrock V home to England in pre-Yankee days, when Johnson was a
professional yacht crewman, after this J-boat's unsuccessful try for America's Cup.

   JOHNSON, Peter, Ocean Racing & Offshore Yachts (New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1972).
In spite of the title, anyone contemplating going offshore, or building an offshore
cruiser, should have this one. It is filled with details, hard to find elsewhere, on
rig, crew selection, gear, life aboard, first aid, and emergency procedures.

   ~ 476 ~

   KAUFFMAN, Ray E., Hurricane's Wake (New York: Macmillan, 1940)
A scarce volume, uncommonly well-written, of one of the most hilarious and
ribald circumnavigations ever made by small boat.

   KENT, Rockwell, N by E (New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1937).
The voyage in the 33-foot cutter Direction from Halifax to Greenland, where it
was wrecked. A fair account of an amateur voyage to Arctic regions that
turned out tragic, but no way as good as that of Major Tilman in Mischief.
This one, like Kent's other literary efforts, suffers from too much poetical syntax
a common affliction of artist-writers.

   KING, Bill, Capsize (Lymington: Nautical Publishing Co., 1969).
The story of this British naval hero's adventures in yachting after his retirement
from submarine duty in World War II, and especially the design and construction
of GaIway Blazer II, which was an unsuccessful entry in the Times Golden
Globe Race.

   KIRKPATRICK, J. B., Little Ship Wanderings (London: Ed-
ward Arnold & Co., 1933).
Offshore voyages in small vessels and racing craft.

   KLEIN, David and JOHNSON, Mary Louise, They Took to the Sea: Great 
Adventures in Small Boats (New Brunswick, N.J. Rutgers University Press, 1948; also, Collier Books).
A very good selection of excerpts from bluewater voyagers, with some witty com-
ments and perceptive editorializing. Unfortunately, it is somewhat out of 3ate, as
the 1950s and 1960s were yet to come.

   KLINGEL, Gilbert C., Inagua (London: Readers Union/Robert Hale, 1944).
An obscure account of a voyage to the West Indies on a scientific expedition in an
exact copy of Captain Slocum's Spray, and the subsequent shipwreck. A valuable
source of information for Slocum buffs. The sails, incidentally, were salvaged and
sold to Professor Strout, who made the first successful circumnavigation in a
Spray copy, Igdrasil.

   KNIGHT, Edward F., The Falcon on the Baltic (New York: John de Graff, Inc., 1952) .

   KNOX-JOHNSTON, Robin, A World of My Own (New York: William Morrow & Co., 1970).
The hastily put together account of the first solo, nonstop circumnavigation east-
about, by the indefatigable young British merchant seaman in the Times Golden
Globe Race.

   KORIE, Kenichi, Kodoku: Alone Across the Pacific (Rutland, Vt.: Tuttle, 1964).
The adventures of a young Japanese singlehander who sailed alone to the United
States against incredible odds, including official red tape. He was sort of a
Japanese Wrong-way Corrigan of the sea.

   LA BORDE, Harold, An Ocean to Ourselves (New York: John de Graff, Inc., 1962 ) .

   LESLIE, Anita, Love in a Nutshell (London: Hutchinson, 1952).

    ~ 477 ~

   LE TOUMELIN, Jacques-Yves, Kurun Around the World (New York: E. P. Dutton & Co., 1955).
            , Kurun in the Caribbean (New York: John de Graff, Inc., 1963).
The principal works of this somewhat starchy French singlehander, which have
been translated into English, with, apparently, some liberties taken by the

   LEWIS, David, The Ship Would Not Sail Due West (New York: St. Martin's, 1961 ) .
          , Dreamers of the Day (London: Gollancz, 1964).
          , Daughters of the Wind (London: Gollanez, 1966).
          , We, the Navigators: The Ancient Art of Landfinding in the Pacific (New York: The Dolphin Book Club, 1973 ) .
The books of the New Zealand-born London doctor, who gave up his practice
for bluewater cruising, including a circumnavigation in a catamaran with his
second wife and two small daughters, which is the best of them (Daughters of
the Wind). At this writing, Dr. Lewis was trying to make a solo circumnaviga-
tion of the globe at 60 South.

   LONDON, Charmian, The Log of the Snark (New York: Macmillan, 1916).

   LONDON, Jack, Cruise of the Snark (New York: Macmillan, 1911)
Accounts of the ill-fated attempts to circumnavigate in one of the worst yachts
ever built, by the famous writer and his wife.

   LONG, Dwight, Seven Seas on a Shoestring (New York: Harper, 1939) .
Long was the youngest person to circumnavigate at the time and his book was
a hurriedly written effort to capitalize on it. In spite of its almost painful prose
at times, it is a fascinating account by an amateur at both writing and sailing,
especially because Long was an incurable tourist and seeker-out of famous people
and gives the reader valuable historical reports on brazen visits (unannounced) to
President Herbert Hoover, Martin and Osa Johnson, Zane Grey, Captain Harry
Pidgeon, Professor Strout, William Robinson, and Alain Gerbault, and even the
legendary Count Luckner, and Alan Villiers. Long was nothing if not a Rotarian.

   LOOMIS, Alfred, The Cruise of the Hippocampus (New York: The Century Co., 1922 ) .

   LUXTON, Norman Kenny (ed. by his daughter), Luxton's Pacific Crossing (Sidney, B.C.: Gray's Publishing, Ltd., 1971 ) .
A valuable addition to the Voss legend, compiled from the journals of the "other
man" on the famous voyage of the Tilikum, by Norman Luxton's daughter,
Eleanor Georgina Luxton. Luxton was the young adventurous newspaperman who
financed the attempt to outdo Captain Slocum in an Indian dugout canoe the
Tilikum. The book purports to be Luxton's "true version" of what happened and
accuses Voss of murdering a later shipmate. A careful analysis of both Luxton's
and Voss's accounts sheds little light on what really happened, as both men were
disposed to self-exultation and questionable veracity.
  Luxton went on to become a local character, businessman, and tourist promoter
in Banff, and in later years would not discuss the voyage even with family mem-
bers, although the journal was preserved obviously for posthumous publication.

   ~ 478 ~

   MANRY, Robert, Tinkerbelle (New York: Harper, 1966).
The story of the Ohio newspaperman who crossed the Atlantic in the 13-foot
Tinkerbelle, and somehow made it seem like a normal, legitimate voyage, instead
of a stunt.

   MARIN-NIARIE, Wind Aloft, Wind Alow (London: Davies, 1947; also, New York: Scribner's, 1947).
A classic from the famous French artist, writer, and iconoclast, whose real name
is Marin-Marie Paul Durand-Coupel de Saint-Front, of solo Atlantic voyages
in the cutter Winnibelle and the motor launch Arielle.

   MARTYR, Weston,  The Southseaman (London: Rupert Hart-Davis, 1969).
The tale of two landsick Britishers, working in New York, who go to Nova
Scotia, have a 45-foot schooner built for the $6,000 they have saved, and go sailing,
winding up in Bermuda where the ship is sold to a rum-runner.
 A delightful tale by a widely known yachtsman-writer.

   MAURY, Richard, The Saga of Cimba (New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1939).
The ill-fated voyage of the 25-foot schooner on a circumnavigation that ended in
Suva, by the great grandson of the man who founded the Navy's Hydrographic
Office, and one of the most gifted of sea writers. He later became master of

   McMULLEN, R. T., Down Channel (London: H. Cox, 1893).
An enduring classic by a British yachtsman of the old school.

   MEFFERD, Gerry, The Cruising Manual (New York: Whittlesey House, 1941).
The product of Ray Kauffman's partner and mate on the voyage of Hurricane,
and a scarce item.

   MELVILLE, Herman, Typee (New York: Wiley & Putnam, 1846) .
Few voyagers call at the Marquesas without a copy of this classic as a guide to the

   MERRIEN, Jean, Lonely Voyagers (London: Hutchinson, 1954).
 (Also New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons; originally published in France as Les
 Navigateurs Solitvires. )
Stories of Slocum, Voss, Gerbault, Wightman, Ahto Walter, and some of the
early stunters, as well as later voyagers like Long, Le Toumelin, and Bardiaux.

   MIDDLETON, Empson E., The Cruise of the Kate (New York: John de Graff, Inc., 1951).
A recent edition of this famous cruising book.

   MOITESSIER, Bernard Sailing to the Reefs (London: Hollis & Carter, 1971). 
French original version Un Vagabond des Mers du Sud (Paris: Flammarion, 1960).
        , Cape Horn: The Logical Route (London: Adlard Coles, Ltd., 1969). 
French version, Cap Horn a la Voile (Paris: B. Arthaud 1957) .
        , The First Voyage of the Joshua (New York: The Dolphin Book Club, 1973). 
American version of The Logical Route.
The works of France's most famous living sailor, and one of the greatest of all

    ~ 479 ~

bluewater voyagers in small boats Moitessier is also a gifted, if not always ac-
curate writer, and a talented and tireless innovator.

   MULHAUSER, G. H. P., The Cruise of the Amaryllis (Boston: Small, Maynard & Co., 1925).
Mulhauser died before he finished his book on his return from circling the globe,
but it was published anyway by family and friends who filled out the missing
chapters with excerpts from Mulhauser's log which were more revealing of his
character than his own revised narrative There are several editions of this book
at last one of which is still in print.

   NICOLSON, Ian, Sea-Saint (London: Davies, 1957).

   NOSSITER, Harold, Northward Ho! (New York: Charles E. Lauriat Co., 1937 ) .
A voyage of a 35-foot schooner from Australia to England, one of the first of its
kind over this route, with a valuable appendix for any serious bluewater sailor.

   NUTTING, William, The Track of the Typhoon (New York: MotorBoat, 1922).
The account by the charming, but often bumbling sailor from the Midwest, who
became a well-known yachting editor and founder of the Cruising Club of
America. On a second voyage, he was lost with all hands off Greenland. Uffa Fox
was a member of the crew of the Typhoon, which was an apt name considering
the weather encountered on this crossing.

   O'BRIEN, Conor, Across Three Oceans (London: Edward Arnold & Co., 1927).
         , Deep Water Yacht Rig (New York: Oxford University Press, 1948).
Two of several books written by this puckish, caustic, and pugnacious Irish sailor
and mountain climber. The best one is his Across Three Oceans, an account of his
voyage to New Zealand to go mountain climbing, which turned out to be a cir-
cumnavigation around the three capes, the first time it had been done. A con-
stant experimenter with rigs, some of the conclusions he gave as gospel in his
first book were later revised in the second, in the light of later experience.
  Crusty and a little arrogant, he did not suffer fools gladly nor unbend his stiff
back easily. During the Irish Rebellion he was an arms smuggler with his sister
and Erskine Childers, and in World War II was a sub-lieutenant in the British
merchant ship service, who made many trips to New York in convoy, and on at
least one occasion spent a weekend in Connecticut with William Robinson, who
was operating a small shipyard with war contracts and, incidentally, building
his beautiful Varua for postwar use.

   OFAIRE, Cliette,  The San Luca (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1935) .
A little-known but charming boat of cruising European waters by the author under
the pseudonym of Cilette Hofer.

   PARKINSON, John Jr (ed.), Nowhere Is Too Far (New York: Cruising Club of America, 1960).
A collection of voyages and other club news, including Blue Water Medal win-
ners to that date.

   PETERSEN, E. Allen, Hummel Hummel (New York: Vantage Books, 1952).

   ~ 480 ~

   PETERSEN, Mariorie, Stornoway, East and West (New York: Van Nostrand, 1966).
The charming story of Mariorie and Al Petersen's voyages on Stornoway, to the
Mediterranean and back, after Al's singlehanded circumnavigation and their sub-
sequent marriage.
  A letter from them as this is written, dated at Cristobal, Canal Zone also in-
formed me of another book, Trade Winds and Monsoons, also published by Van
Nostrand, due to be released, which tells the story of their three-and-a-half-year
cruise of the Pacific islands and the Orient.

   PIDGEON, Harry, Around the World Single-Handed (New York: John de Graff, Inc., 1955). 
(Originally published by Appleton, 1932).
The account by the most famous singlehander, next to Slocum, in his home-built
Islander. Pidgeon subsequently made another circumnavigation, and on his third
attempt at age seventy-six, was shipwrecked in the New Hebrides.

   PINCHOT, Gifford, To The South Seas (Philadelphia: The John C. Winston Company, 1930).
The wealthy retired governor, and Secretary of the Interior under Teddy Roose-
velt, who is best remembered as an early day conservationist, environmentalist,
and ecologist, made his college-days dream come true with a 148-foot three-
masted schooner, a large professional crew, and a gang of scientists, on an ex-
pedition to the South Pacific. A sort of an early-day Jacques Cousteau, Pinchot
was a keen observer, a tireless investigator, and a good writer. His account of the
Galapagos Islands, and especially the real story of the ill-fated European settlers,
is the best of the lot.

   PIVER, Arthur, Trans-Atlantic Trimaran (San Francisco: Underwriters Press, 1961) .
             , Trans-Pacific Trimaran (Mill Valley: Pi-Craft, 1963).
             , Trimaran Third Book (Mill Valley: Pi-Craft, 1965) .
The principal works of the ex-flight instructor and printer who developed the
trimaran into a worldwide craze. Although the tri is regarded as the fastest ocean-
sailing vessel, Piver's voyages were made no faster than the average conventional
hull. He himself went missing off the California coast on a solo cruise on one of
his own creations.

   PULESTON, Dennis, Blue Water Vagabond (New York: Doubleday, 1943).
Wartime publication of the adventures of the English lad who sailed his 30-foot
yawl Uldra to the United States and then joined the irrepressible Fahnestocks on
the Director as a crew member.

   PYE, Peter, Red Mains'ls (New York: John de Graff, Inc., 1961).
             , A Sail in a Forest (London: Rupert Hart-Davis, 1961).
             , The Sea Is for Sailing (New York: John de Graff, Inc.,1961) .
The well-known British yachtsman who, with his wife and an occasional crew
member, has done a bit of sailing about in an ancient converted cutter.

   RANSOME, Arthur, Racundra's First Cruise (New York: John de Graff, Inc., 1958). 
(Originally published by B. W. Huebsch, London, 1923.)
The Baltic cruise by one of the finest of all seafaring writers.

   REBELL, Fred, Escape to the Sea (London: Murray, 1951) .

     ~ 481 ~

   REISENBERG, Felix, Shipmates (New York: Harcourt, Brace & Co., Inc., 1928).

   REYNOLDS, Earle, The Forbidden Voyage (New York: McKay, 1961) .
           (with Barbara Reynolds), All in the Same Boat (1962) .

   RIGG, Philip, Southern Crossing (New York: E. P. Dutton & Co., 1936).                                
Voyage from Greece to Florida in the 54-foot North Sea pilot boat, Stortebeker.  

   ROBINSON, William A., 10,000 Leagues Over the Sea (British edition, Deep Water and Shoal) (New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1932) .
             , A Voyage to the Galapagos (London: Jonathan Cape, Ltd., 1936).
Early books by one of the greatest bluewater sailors of all time, and his adventures
on Svaap, the Alden ketch which was the smallest vessel to sail around the world
in those days and was lost finally in the Galapagos Islands after Robinson's
ruptured appendix and his subsequent melodramatic rescue by the air and sea
forces of the United States, with a running account on the network radio of that day.
       , To the Great Southern Ocean (New York: John de Graff Inc., 1966). 
           (First published by Harcourt, Brace, 1956).
       , Return to the Sea (New York: John de Graff, Inc., 1972).
The later books of a mature Robinson on his beautiful yacht Varua, first on a
eleven-month voyage east from Tahiti along the clipper route to Chile, then north
to Panama and back to the Society Islands, during which he encountered his
famous survival storm; then subsequent cruises through Polynesia and Melanesia
and up to Southeast Asia on semi-scientific expeditions.
  His last book is sort of a summing up of the career of this legendary voyager
whose life was a struggle between his staid New England commercial inclinations
and his beloved Tahiti, with the latter winning; and how he channeled his tre-
mendous energies and no doubt considerable financial resources into tropical
medical research and improvement of the native islander's lot.

   ROGERS, Captain Woodes, A Cruising Voyage Around the World (New York: Dover, 1970) .
A paperback reprint of the most successful British privateering circumnavigation
ever made, from 1708 to 1711, during the golden age of discovery and piracy, by
one of England's greatest leaders. The voyage is of interest for many reasons
including the fact that William Dampier, who had already made two circum-
navigations, was an honored crew member and pilot, and because it was during
this voyage that Alexander Selkirk was rescued from Juan Fernandez to become
a prototype for Defoe's Robinson Crusoe. The account of shipboard life, courses
sailed, and landfalls made are good reading even today, and shows that times
have not changed much after all.

   ROSE, Sir Alec, My Lively Lady (New York: McKay, 1968) .
The account of the second Briton to circumnavigate via the three capes as a
senior citizen, and the second to be knighted for doing it.

   ROTH, Hal, Two on a Big Ocean (New York: Macmillan, 1972).
A professional writer and photographer and his wife, Margaret, purchased a 35-foot
fiberglass sloop in British Columbia, outfitted it themselves at a cost of about
$25,000 in the late 1960s, and sailed it from San Francisco clockwise around the

    ~ 482 ~

Pacific rim, a distance of about 19,000 miles, to win the coveted Blue Water
Medal of the CCA, and write a profitable book.
  The route taken was novel and well-conceived, and they proved themselves com-
petent seamen most of the time, but the narrative has the somewhat contrived and
superficial treatment of the effete travel folder, and the photographs distract from
the narrative because they have no captions.
  The author's comments on selecting, building, and outfitting a yacht for blue-
water sailing are well-taken and based upon personal experience and in a tone
that suggests this is the final word.
  Considering the route taken, the places visited (i.e., from Polynesia to the
Aleutians), and the potential for riproaring adventure, it comes off pretty bland
much of the time.

   SELIGMAN, Adrian, The Voyage of the Cap Pilar (New York: E. P. Dutton & Co., Inc., 1947).
The author, his financee, and her brother buy an old French barkentine at St.
Malo, recondition it, and with a crew mostly of amateurs and young adventurers
like themselves sail around the world in 1936-1938, arriving back in Plymouth
during the days when World War II is brewing, and thus their tale of high
adventure and romance becomes lost for the duration. A little-known circumnavi-
gation, one of the last of its kind ever attempted.

   SHERWOOD, Martyn, Voyage of the Tai-Mo-Shan (London: Geoffrey Bles., 1935).
The story of a voyage from China to England by five naval officers.

   SHUTE, Nevil, Trustee From the Toolroom (New York: Ballantine Books, 1967) .
A novel by the famed British author whose real name was Nevil Shute Norway,
an experienced yachtsman who based his fiction on real characters and episodes.
Of interest because of the extensive yachting episodes.

   SINCLAIR, W. E., The Cruise of the Quartette (London: Edward Amold & Co., 1937).
A voyage in a 60-foot ketch from England to Africa and South America.

   SLACK, Kenneth E. In the Wake of the Spray (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1966).
An excellent compilation and analysis of all known copies of Captain Slocum's
famous sloop, by an Australian Slocumphile who spent years searching the world
for clues. The search also turned up much unpublished insight into Slocum and
his times. An engineer and amateur yacht designer, Slack painstakingly worked
out a new and refined set of the original lines and offsets of Spray, as well as
many technical charts on aspects of the design. The book also reprints Cipriano
Andrade, Jr.'s classic analysis of Spray done for Rudder in June 1909. Slack's
book offers final proof that no lines were actually ever taken from Spray, only
from the model which had been carved by eye, except for some topwater measure-
ments made by Mower.

   SLOCUM, Joshua, Sailing Alone Around the World (Nev York: Century, 1900).
This is the one that started them all. An immortal classic of a middle-aged has-
been who refused to knuckle under. It is a true literary masterpiece, an inspiring
adventure of personal achievement, and a superb example of understatement.

    ~ 483 ~

Many editions have been brought out, and there are usually one or tv o in print
now that the copyrights have expired.
       , Voyage of the Liberdade (Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1894) .
An earlier adventure by Joshua, published at his own expense, and little-known
except to Slocum buffs, it narrates the building of a 35-foot junk-rigged dory in
Brazil and sailing it back to the United States with his family after a shipwreck
stranded them.

   SLOCUM, Victor, Capt. Joshua Slocum (New York: Sheridan House, 1950 ).
The fascinating life and voyages of Captain Joshua Slocum, written by his oldest
son, Victor, shortly before his death, which contains much unpublished material
about the old gentleman and the family (and carefully avoids some episodes such
as the birth and death of the twins to Virginia while in the Bering). The cover
jacket illustration of Josh at the wheel of the Spray, running before a fresh wind
is a masterpiece and a collector's item.

   SMEETON, Miles, Once Is Enough (New York: John de Graff, Inc., 1960).
         , Sunrise To Windward (London: Rupert Hart-Davis, 1966).
         , The Misty Islands (Lymington: Coles, 1969; New York: John de Graff).
         , Because The Horn Is There (Sidney, B.C.: Gray's Pub.,Ltd., 1970).
These works of the globe-girdling Brigadier and Beryl Smeeton cover about twenty
years of post-World War II voyaging on Tzu Hang, including the story of the
two capsizings off Cape Horn, and a third successful attempt to double it. Cer-
tainly the most remarkable husband-wife team of voyagers in maritime history
who finally gave it up and retired to a moose "ranch" in Alberta The books are
well-written, but at times tend to become stream of thought ramblings that leave
out more than is revealed.
         , The Sea Was Our Village (Sidney, B.C.: Gray's Publishing Ltd., 1973).
The last and best voyaging book by Miles Smeeton, and how he and his wife
Beryl, came to leave a British Columbia stump ranch, after his retirement from;
the British army as a brigadier, go to London and, although they had never
sailed a boat before, buy the famed Tzu Hang and start a 15-year career of
world cruising.
  In this book, Smeeton reveals much of their motivation (as well as a taciturn
Britisher can), and the hilarious account of trying to learn how to handle the
big yacht before they started on their first long voyage to British Columbia.
Sharp readers will also spot the Smeetons as the prototype for a similar couple in
Nevil Shute's last book, Trustee From the Toolroom.

   SMITH, Stanley and VIOLET, Charles, The Wind Calls the Tune (New York: Van Nostrand, 1953). Good salty reading.

   STOCK, Mabel, The Log of a Woman Wanderer (London: William Heinemann, 1923).
Ralph Stock's sister, "Peter," gives her version of the escapades of the Dream

   ~ 484 ~

   STOCK, Ralph, The Cruise of the Dream Ship (London: William Heinemann, 1921 1922, 1923, 1927, 1950).
First of the post-World War I escape voyages, intended to be a circumnavigation,
until a wealthy planter bought out from under the owner, his sister, and their
friend. Up until then, it is a delightful account of a couple of war-weary veterans
and a girl named "Peter," who were trying to get as far from the sound of guns
as possible. Not very factual, but the author, who was a professional writer, shows
flashes of deep perception at times, and at no time did the three take themselves
  It was upon Stock's return and purchase of a new dream ship, that Alain Ger-
bault, while visiting aboard, spotted the Firecrest nearby, bought it, and began his
legendary career.

   STREET, Donald M., Jr., The Ocean Sailing Yacht (New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1973).
A complete and fascinating compendium on how to rig, outfit, and handle a
bluewater sailor, by an experienced and competent professional. A bit imperious
at times, and has an occasional obvious error in editing, but a salty and useful
reference to have around.

   TABARLY, Eric, Lonely Victory ( New York: Clarkson Potter Inc., 1966) . (First published in France as Victoire en Solitaire) .
France's most aloof lone-hander, who has been called by some the world's best
solo sailor, tells how he won the Singlehanded Transatlantic in Pen-Duick, first
of a series of revolutionary trimarans.

   TAMBS, Erling, The Cruise of the Teddy (New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1934).
The old favorite of bluewater buffs, by a professional writer who blundered
around the globe in the early 1930s, acquiring a family and experience on the
way. His first Colin Archer was wrecked on the coast of New Zealand - his
second pitchpoled in the Atlantic with the loss of one man.

   TANGVALD, Peter The Sea Gypsy (New York: John de Graff, 1966. )
A little Norwegian with a big ego tells how he did it.

   TATE, Michael, Blue Water Cruising (New York: John de Graff, Inc., 1964).

   TELLER, Walter Magnes, The Search for Captain Slocum: A Biography (New York: Scribner's, 1956).
          , The Voyages of Joshua Slocum (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1958)
The principal works of Slocum's best biographer to date, with much new ma-
terial for the Slocum buff, including some of the captain's earlier adventures, and
recently discovered correspondence.

   TILMAN, H. W. Mischief in Patagonia (New York and London: Cambridge, 1957).
          , Mischief Among the Penguins (Chester Springs, Pa.: Dufur, 1961).
          , Mischief in Greenland (New York: John de Graff, Inc.,1964).
          , Mostly Mischief (London: Hollis & Carter, 1966).

   ~ 485 ~

          , Mischief Goes South (London: Hollis & Carter, 1968).
          , In Mischief's Wake (London: Hollis&Carter, 1971).
The nautical works of Major Tilman, a prolific writer and famed mountain
climber, who got interested in yachting and continued his adventures on the
bluewater. His are the best adventure books in the English language.

   TOMALIN, Nicholas and HALL, Ron, The Strange Last Voyage of Donald Crowhurst (New York: Stein and Day Publishers, 1970).
A thoroughly documented and clinical analysis of the rise and fall of a brilliant
young man who sought to win fame and fortune in the Times Golden Globe
Race by cheating, and ended by committing suicide. Ironically, the 243 days that
Crowhurst tooled around the Atlantic in his trimaran until his mind and spirit
broke, would have won him the prize had he spent the time legitimately compet-
ing with the others. Also ironically, it was Crowhurst's false position reports
that prompted Nigel Tetley to push his trimaran beyond endurance and sink
her almost within sight of victory.
 Anyone contemplating long ocean passages alone should read this book first.

   TOMPKINS, Warwick M., Two Sailors, and Their Voyage Around Cape Horn (New York: The Viking Press, 1939) .
Best-known narrative of bluewater sailing by this famous yachtsman of the 1930s,
who also wrote Fifty South to Fifty South, Coastwise Navigator, and Offshore
Navigator. Tompkins was the first of the share-the-expense sailing ship operators,
and the model for the Irving Johnsons and their seven circumnavigations In fact
the Johnsons met on Wander Bird, when Irving was a professional crewman, and
Electa was a guest. The two sailors in the book, which was written as a juvenile,
were, of course, Tompkins' two children. One of them, "Commodore," told me
in a recent letter that they had never actually made a circumnavigation, although
their voyages took them to many parts of the world. The Wander Bird was the
Tompkins' home, as well as cruise ship, for years.

   TROBRIDGE, Gerry, Conversation With a World Traveler (New York: Seven Seas Press, 1971 ) .
A brief outline story told in third person by the man who bought Trobridge's
White Seal, the story of a six-year circumnavigation beginning in South Africa
in a homemade steel version of John Hanna's Carol ketch.

   URIBURU, Ernesto, Seagoing Gaucho (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1951 ) .
The story of an Argentinian diplomat stationed in the U.S. during World War
II, who longed for a ship of his own, and finally got home to Buenos Aires where
Manuel Campos (who had built Dumas's Legh II), designed for him a Colin
Archer-type 50-foot ketch, in which with three fellow bon vivants he sailed
around the rim of the Atlantic. It is written in a rather spontaneous 'me" style,
that is tedious at times (probably by a tipsy ghost), but the appendix is exten-
sive and informative for outfitting a boat of this size on a long voyage.

   VILLIERS Alan, Monsoon seas: The Story of the Indian Ocean (New York: McGraw-Hill Inc., 1952) .
A narrative history of the Indian Ocean and its people and ships from before
Marco Polo to present time, written in a fascinating way by the well-known square-
rigger sailor and sea writer. Other books by Villiers, such as Cape Horn and
Sons of Sinbad, would be valuable to any voyager's library.

   ~ 486 ~

   VOGELs Karl Max, Aloha Around the World (New York: Putnam, 1922).
The story of a circumnavigation in the 130-foot bark Aloha, which is dull reading
at times, but is a classic example of how they did it before the days of income

   VOSS, John C. The Venturesome Voyage of Captain Voss (New York: C. E. Lauriat Co., i926 [also de Graff] ) .
A rare and valuable book, especially in the early editions, it is a classic of small-
boat seamanship and heavy weather sailing by an undisputed expert whose
veracity has long been unfairly questioned. Regardless of whatever else he was,
Voss was a real man and a superb seaman. He and Luxton were the second ones
to attempt a circumnavigation, after Slocum, in the Indian dugout Tilikum.
Now, almost three quarters of a century after it happened, one can compare this
book with Luxton's version (see Luxton's Pacific Crossing).
  The book also narrates some of Voss's other voyages, and his comments on
the use of sea anchors and other techniques are as good as anything available to-
day. Most modern writers who deprecate Voss never actually tried his methods,
or at least gave them an honest test.

   WALTER, Ahto and OLSEN, Tom, Racing the Sea (New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1935).
Mostly the story of Ahto Walter, one of the least-known and most resourceful of
bluewater sailors, and his many crossings of the Atlantic.

   WEINS, Herold J., Pacific Island Bastions of the United States (New York: Van Nostrand, 1962).
An excellent outline history and political discussion of the Trust Territories ad-
ministered (often badly) by the United States since World War II. Anyone
visiting this part of the world would find this the best and quickest briefing

   WELLS, De Witt F., The Last Cruise of the Shanghai (New York: Minton, Balch & Co., 1925).
The elusive Shanghai keeps cropping up in many of the voyaging books of the
1930s. This book tells the story of the 41-foot yacht after it was sailed from
China to Denmark, and purchased by Wells for a voyage along the Viking track,
only to be wrecked in Nova Scotia.

   WHARRAM, James, People of the Sea (Harrow, Middlesex: Sun & Health, 1965 ) .
The catamaran and its voyages, by the well-known designer and multi-hull sailor.

   WHELPLEY, Donald A., Weather, Water, and Boating (Cambridge, Md.: Cornell Maritime Press, Inc., 1961).
One of the best books on the subject available, by a veteran Navy meteorologist,
it gives one a good understanding of the workings of wind and waves at sea.

   WIBBERLEY, Leonard, Toward a Distant Island (New York: Ives Washburn, 1966).

   WIELE, Annie Van de, The West in My Eyes (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1956).
Good account of Omoo and her circumnavigation by the most famous Dutch

  ~ 487 ~

   WIGHTMAN, Frank A. The Wind Is Free (New York: John de Graff, Inc., 1955). (Rupert Hart-Davis, 1949).
             , Wylo Sails Again (New York: John de Graff, Inc., 1955) .
Engaging accounts of the voyages in Wylo, which Wightman built on the lines
of Pidgeon's Islander (nee Seabird) in South Africa. A rebel and iconoclast,
Wightman's personal philosophies get a little tedious at times, but his experiences
with this type vessel are informative and interesting.

   WILLIS, William, The Gods Were Kind (New York: E. P. Dutton & Co., 1955).
             , An Angel on Each Shoulder (New York: Meredith, 1967).
Books of the well-known senior citizen stunter who finally went missing.

   ZANTZINGER, Richard, Log of the Molly Brown (Richmond: Westover Publishing Company, 1973).
A recent circumnavigation by a middle-aged swinger who is lots of fun, although
a bit tipsy at times. This is how it was done in the seventies.

     ~ 488 ~

  - end of Bibliography -

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