The Circumnavigators - by Don Holm


- 34 -

The Schoolboy Circumnavigator

          Home is the sailor, home from the sea
          And the hunter home from the hill.(l)

Graham said to his mother and father: "Know what I'd really like 
a boat of my own that I could sail to the South Pacific islands."
  Most parents, upon hearing such talk, would dismiss it as impetu-
osity, but four and a half months later Robin stepped aboard his own
24foot fiberglass sloop, Dove, a light displacement craft usually re-
garded as a day-sailor, and shoved off from Los Angeles for a shake-
down cruise to Hawaii, a passage that took 22 1/2 days and was a piece
of cake all the way.
  Alone except for a pair of kittens, he entertained himself most of
the way with his guitar and folk tunes, navigating the 2,230 nautical
miles with the aplomb of a veteran topgallant hand. It was so easy, in
fact, that once in the islands, it seemed the most natural thing in the
world just to keep going on around. At first, he hoped to find a
companion to share the adventure, but few schoolboys have parents
as lenient as were Robin's mother and father. Then he made up -his
mind to do it alone, just as had Captain Slocum back in 1895-1898.
But where Slocum had made his voyage at the end of a long career at
sea, Robin would be doing it at the beginning of his, and if success-
ful he would become the youngest person ever to sail alone around
the world.(2)

   ~ 296 ~

  So, at 11 A.M. on Tuesday morning, September 14, 1965, he said
his good-byes again to his parents and departed Honolulu's Ala Wai
yacht harbor. In spite of its small size, Dove was easy to manage and
had been modified for ocean voyaging. There was a small inboard
engine, supplemented by an outboard with a long shank. A steering
vane designed and built by his father had been installed. As for
Robin, although a mere callow boy, he was far from inexperienced.
During 1962 and 1963, with his mother, father, and older brother, he
had helped crew the family 36-foot ketch, Golden Hind, all through
the Pacific islands. During that cruise, his father had taught him sea-
manship, celestial navigation, shipboard maintenance, and all the other
skills so vital to bluewater voyaging. Robin was a good student, and
along with his lessons, he acquired a deep love for the sea and sailing.
  This background, then, explains why his parents were so "lenient"
and understanding. Moreover, sailing around the world had been a
lifelong ambition of Robin's father, but World War II and then
raising a family had intervened. Robin had often heard his father talk
about this, and perhaps by some psychological osmosis had assumed
responsibility for fulfilling the goal.
  His family had helped him prepare for the voyage, besides furnish-
ing the boat. They had collected charts and navigation materials,
food and supplies, a camera and film for recording his adventures,
and a tape recorder with which to make on the spot comments.(3) His
father, it seemed, became more obsessed with the voyage than
Robin, perhaps seeing it vicariously as his own. He threw himself into
the preparations and outfitting, spending most of those last hectic
weeks with his son. As Robin recalled later, it was a period when he
and his father were the closest in their entire lives. Along with taking
care of preparations, Robin's father had also become his manager and
agent, and complex arrangements were made to sell the story of his
circumnavigation to publications and broadcast media, and set up lec-
ture tours. It was going to be one circumnavigation that made money
or else.(4)
  The only malfunction on the passage to Hawaii had been the vane
steering. This was rebuilt by his father. He had aboard a transistor
radio for news and weather and the WWVH time ticks. He later
picked up a Gibson Girl war surplus emergency transmitter, which
sends out an S.O.S. when cranked. He also had fishing gear, a .22
caliber pistol, and a large supply of recording tapes.5
  The newspapers prior to his departure, had called him the
"Schoolboy Sailor," and he was well aware that his voyage was unique

   ~ 297 ~

and newsworthy. His frequent long sessions with the tape recorder
revealed this adolescent sense of destiny.
  Leaving Hawaii with only $75 in cash, he made a perfect landfall
fourteen days later at the British-owned Fanning Island,6 only 12
miles square and 1,050 miles down course. Robin was a competent
seaman, and shooting sights with a sextant on a 24-foot cork was
child's play for him. When on deck, he always wore a harness with
lifeline. He kept the harness on at all times, even when in the bunk
below, so that all he had to do when he came up on deck was snap
the lifeline to it. The only times he failed to do this on the entire
voyage, he fell overboard and narrowly escaped being left behind 
once in the Indian Ocean and once in the Atlantic.
  The further from Honolulu he got, however, the more lonely and
homesick he became. He began talking almost constantly into the
tape recorder. Among his stores, Robin had about 500 pieces of
secondhand clothing, plus various trinkets for trading among the
islands, in the naive belief that he could exist by bartering among the
islands. He spent several days at Fanning, a former cable station, but
now a copra plantation, and when he left he took a sack of Her
Majesty's mail for posting in Pago Pago.
  Only twenty miles from Tutuila, after two weeks of hard sailing, a
squall buckled his mast and the lower shrouds parted. Robin felt like
crying, but he lashed the wreckage to the deck and set up a jury sail.
His engine could not cope with the wind and current. An airplane
passed over. Robin showed a bright orange distress flag and fired
flares, but was unseen. After anxious hours, he limped into Apia.
  In Samoa, he received mail and supplies from home, including a
spare sextant and a log spinner to replace one taken by a shark.
Reluctant to set out, he decided to wait until April, when the hurri-
cane season was over. This was a fortunate decision. On January 29, a
vicious hurricane swept the islands and nearly wrecked Dove in the
  On May 1, 1966, he finally departed. His only companion was
Joliette, one of the kittens. The other had jumped ship. The passage
to Tonga was enjoyable and now he had company in other world
cruisers he had encountered, including the Kelea from Vancouver,
B.C.; Corsair II from South Africa; Morea from California, Falcon
from New Zealand. He was to meet the same yachts (and others)
again and again at various ports. He reached Suva on Viti Levu, Fiji's
main island, on July 1. He had only $23 cash, and since an airline
ticket of a $100 bond was required by authorities, he had to prevail

  ~ 298 ~

upon the American consul for a loan. He enjoyed his stay in the Fijis
more than any place he had ever been. In fact, here the voyage was
nearly terminated for the first time. He had met through friends a
girl named Patti Ratterree from Los Angeles another restless and
curious young American who was traveling around the world on her
own, stopping to work at various places and living mainly by her
  It was love at first sight, Robin wrote, and after weeks of an idyllic
existence sailing among the tropical islands of Fiji, only Robin's firm
commitments and his father's pressure could induce him to give it up
and go on. So he and Patti split up, but agreed to keep in touch by
mail and to meet ten months later in Darwin, or failing that, in
  Leaving the Fijis alone, Robin met his father again in the New
Hebrides. They spent the next few weeks together, then Robin sailed
for the Solomons and his father took passage on an inter-island
schooner, meeting him in Guadalcanal. His father stayed through
Christmas, Robin's second so far on the voyage, and they had good
times together exploring the islands, many of which had those familiar
names from World War II, which his father's generation had come
to know so well - Savu, Tulagi, Florida - where many of the natives
still remembered the G.I.'s with fondness, never understanding why
they did not return. They visited the rusted old hulks of ships and
tanks, the weed-grown foxholes, finding bits of bone, pieces of rotted
boots, bullet-pierced helmets. Robin was impressed by the sacrifices
which his father's generation had made in those dark days. But now,
he felt, this was his world.
  At Honaira, Robin sold his inboard engine, which was useless. He
earned additional money by renting his spare genoa to a local yacht
going to New Guinea. On his eighteenth birthday, he wrote his draft
board and later received a reply in Australia, telling him to check
with them upon his return. He did not know then that it would be
another three years before he would be home.
  From the Solomons, he encountered calms and sticky hot weather,
mixed with squalls and adverse currents. It took twenty-three days to
cover the nine hundred miles to Port Moresby, where he spent three
weeks on shore. On April 18, he departed for Darwin through Torres
Strait and into the Arafura Sea, a heavily traveled shipping route.
The many ships passing in the night kept him up until exhaustion
drove him below. One night, while lying in the bunk, he heard a loud
swish and felt something scrape the hull. He rushed up to see a large

   ~ 299 ~

black unlighted ship disappearing into the night. He had escaped a
collision by the thickness of a coat of paint. He wondered how many
lonely navigators including Captain Slocum himself had near-
misses, for just this reason unmarked, unlighted ships without
lookouts, passing callously in the night.
  Robin reached Darwin on May 4, and spent several weeks ashore,
including a month working on a power station project, rigging guy
wires on towers. The further Robin had sailed on his circumnaviga-
tion, the more disenchanted he had become with the idea. He would
have quit back in the Fijis had it not been for his father and those
firm commitments (the National Geographic magazine had already
started running a series on his voyage). When his father first heard
about Patti, he was somewhat furious especially when Patti showed
up in Darwin. From that point on, Robin's relations with his father
were strained at best, and may have contributed to his parents' break-
ing up their marriage. When his father first met Patti, he obviously
considered her something of a tramp and an obstacle to completion
of the round-the-world voyage. At Darwin, too, a National Geo-
graphic photographer showed up with his equipment and some firm
instructions to get some usable material for future issues. Apparently,
the principal sponsors of the adventure were also having second
  Before leaving Darwin, Robin and Patti agreed to meet in Durban,
and this was probably all that kept the lad going during the next leg
of the circumnavigation, across the Indian Ocean via Keeling-Cocos,
Mauritius, and Reunion.
  On July 6, 1967, he sailed again, his first landfall to be Keeling-
Cocos, the family-owned autocracy and fifedom in the Indian Ocean.
It had been from Thursday Island to Cocos that Captain Slocum
made his famous run of 2,700 miles in 23 days without touching the
helm. Robin made the 1,900 miles from Darwin to Cocos in 18
days almost exactly the same speed as Slocum had recorded in the
Spray. This was a pleasant sail, with little to do but fill his hours with
sewing sails, making rope belts, taking photos of himself with a trip-
ping line, and dictating into the recorder.
  From Cocos to Mauritius, some 2,400 miles, it was usually all
downwind, and once you leap off from Cocos there is no turning
back. But only 18 hours out, running through a line of Squalls, Dove
was dismasted again. Rushing out on deck to save what he could,
Robin was thrown overboard as the boat lurched. It was the first
time he had not worn his lifeline. By sheer fate, another lurch

   ~ 300 ~

brought the boat within reach. He caught hold of the rail and climbed
back aboard. Coming out of the warm water into the cold rainy wind,
he was overcome by chills. He went below to wait daylight. He had
2,300 miles to go to reach Mauritius, and no chance to get back to
Cocos. When daylight came, he was able to rig a small square sail
from a bedsheet and set it on the forestay. This ripped out in the 25-
knot winds, so he set an old yellow awning which he had to patch with
a tea towel and an extra shirt.
  In this manner, he limped along through heavy seas and continued
squalls for twenty-four days, averaging almost one hundred miles a
day, and reaching his destination almost at his original E.T.A!
  At Port Louis, he again met fellow ocean vagabonds the Shireen
and Mother of Pearl from England; the Edward Bear and Bona Dea
from New Zealand; Corsair II from South Africa, and the Ohra from
Australia. Here Robin stayed to enjoy the local hospitality and to
make repairs. The National Geographic Society shipped out a new
aluminum mast from California by Quantas.
  The next stop was Reunion, a beautiful but expensive place. After
a short stay, he left in company with the Bona Dea and the Ohra for
Durban. Three days later came the most violent weather of the entire
voyage, with mountainous seas. For seventeen days, Dove was bat-
tered and pummeled, at times threatening to roll over and at other
times to pitchpole. It was too unsafe to be on deck, so Robin spent
his time in the bunk reading books and periodically talking into the
tape recorder. Anything loose in the cabin soon became a flying
missile. Doors were smashed, water ruined his flour and dry provi-
sions, his tape recorder took a soaking. Robin held on and prayed for
calmer seas, which came one morning with a gentle northeast breeze.
Soon after he saw the coast of Africa and then was caught up in the
heavy ship traffic caused by the closing of Suez. Then he reached
Durban, crossed the bar, and tied up to the mooring at the Royal
Natal Yacht Club.(7)
  It was now spring in South Africa, and Robin had completed half
his circumnavigation. And Patti was waiting here for him.
  They had decided to get married, but Robin was still a minor. He
had to get permission from his parents. It finally came, and Patti
officially became Mrs. Robin Lee Graham. They bought a motorbike
which they named Elsa, and took off on a honeymoon to Johannes-
burg and the Transvaal. They had a wonderful time, one that grew
more difficult to end the longer they waited.
  Dove had to be almost entirely rebuilt and beefed up. The deck

   ~ 301 ~

had been coming loose from the hull, several bulkheads were cracked, 
and there were signs of general deterioration. After much soul
searching and pressure from parents and sponsors he got under-
way at last. The difFicult passage around the bight of Africa was the
worst of the entire voyage. He made it by running close to shore and
putting in frequently at available havens, beset by head winds and
adverse currents. This was better, however, than the mountainous
seas out beyond the 100-fathom line. With increasing exhaustion, he
ducked into East London, Port Elizabeth, Plettenbergbaai, Knysna,
Stilbaai, Struisbaai, and Gordon's Bay. At Port Elizabeth, he nearly
lost Dove when the anchor dragged. The deck pulled away from the
hull again, and opened up a seam which leaked. There were signs of
rot in the plywood, and the layers of fiberglass were separating.
  He confided in his secret journal that he had planned to scuttle the
vessel here along this lonely coast and claim an accident, so he could
quit this voyage and be with Patti. But something kept him going. At
Cape Town, more repairs were necessary. This gave Robin and Patti
another two months together, most of which they spent at a delight-
ful old boardinghouse called Thelma's. They made many friends
among the older people living there. One couple in particular they
became fond of were a man about eighty-five and his bride, seventy-
five, who had been married about five years and acted like newlyweds.
Their happiness made Robin and Patti feel good and right.
  From Cape Town, the next leg would be five thousand nautical
miles to Surinam with a stop at Ascension. Robin acquired two more
little kittens, Fili and Kili, which he named after the youngest dwarfs
in J. R. R. Tolkien's The Hobbit. While Robin sailed on Dove, Patti
would be on an Italian line, the Europa, bound for Barcelona. They
made arrangements with the captain to keep a radiotelephone sched-
ule, which was only partly successful, but did help Robin's morale.
  The loneliness was the worst thing about the Atlantic crossing.
When the weather was good, he worked positions, read books, sewed
sails, listened to the battery radio, bathed, cooked, played with the
kittens, talked into the recorder. In his log, on July 27, 1968, he
recorded the third anniversary of his departure.
  It began to get to him. One day he found a Japanese float with
two crabs and some barnacles clinging to it. Knowing the crabs would
die in the open sea, he made a raft of plastic foam and sent them
adrift in this. He even put the gooseneck barnacles on the raft so the
crabs would have something to eat.
  He sighted St. Helena but did not land. On August 23, he dropped

   ~ 302 ~

anchor at Clarence Bay, Ascension, where he was welcomed by
PanAm crews manning the tracking station. He passed Fernando de
Noronha on the twenty-first, and picked up the coastal current off
South America. On the twenty-fifth, he crossed the equator for the
second time. On the thirty-first, he made the lightship at the mouth
of the Surinam River, entered and went upstream to Paramaribo.
  The Atlantic crossing had been the worst of all, from the stand-
point of mental and spiritual exhaustion. Moreover, he had fallen
overboard again and this time barely made it back aboard as Dove
sailed on. The sloop was literally coming apart, and each spell of bad
weather increased his apprehension. Finally, Patti was not there
when he arrived, and did not show up for several weeks. Meanwhile,
Robin toured the back country Wit]1 local officials and National
Geographic Society staffers. When Patti arrived, she was flown in to
the jungle to meet him, and they spent three weeks together.
  At this point, Graham knew he could not go on. He told the
National Geographic people and his parents and other sponsors. The
NGS sent a top editor down to talk to him. His mother came out from
California to see him and meet Patti for the first time. Robin put
Dove up for sale in the West Indies.
  Finally, a compromise was worked out. Dove was replaced by a
new 33-foot sloop, manufactured by Allied Boat Company, Inc., of
Catskill, New York.(8) There were more advances from articles to be
published. The couple found a nice apartment on the leeward shore
of the Barbados and settled down to housekeeping for a while. They
toured the islands by motorbike, and Robin obtained part-time work.
  The sleek new 33-footer was named The Return of Dove. It was
delivered in Florida. He and Patti picked it up and sailed to the
Virgin Islands, where little Dove was finally sold. The new boat had a
depth sounder, a radiotelephone, a kerosene stove (Robin found
alcohol unsuited for ocean cruising and as Eric Hiscock wrote, it is
cheaper to buy bonded whisky in many places, than stove alcohol) .
  As soon as the hurricane season was over, the new boat was hauled
and painted, and refrigeration installed. On November 21, Patti left
on the S. S. Lurline for Panama. Robin got underway again. At
Porvenir, they met again, explored the San Blas Islands, and motored
into Cristobal, where they tied up at the yacht club.
  Over the Christmas holidays, they visited friends, fixed up The Re-
turn of Dove a little, and on January 17, the pilot came aboard and
the canal transit was made. At the Pacific end, they stopped briefly at
Balboa, then sailed for the offshore islands for a couple weeks alone.

  ~ 303 ~

On Friday, January 30, Robin headed again to sea, and on February 7,
he made San Cristobal in the Galapagos Islands. Patti flew to the air-
port at Baltra with her father and stepmother, Allan and Ann
Ratterree. Another idyllic vacation was spent here.
 On March 23, Robin departed on the long run uphill to Los
Angeles. He now had 2,600 miles to go against some of the worst
conditions of the voyage adverse winds and currents, coupled with
frequent calms. But now, however, he had a working auxiliary engine
to get through the calms, he had two-way radio, and even ice cubes.
 In spite of this, the little mishaps became major annoyances, and
he at times gave himself over to periods of violent frustration, during
which he would hurl things against the bulkhead and fuss over his
inability to untie a knot in a line. The going was agonizingly slow,
sometimes making only thirty miles a day. On April 15, he heard
American ships on the radio. The next day, he raised the fishing
vessel Jinita out of San Diego, which relayed a message to Patti's
father in Long Beach. The next day the engine would not start and
he had no more electric power.
 The trouble was simple. He had forgotten to open the engine
exhaust. The Jinita called him and reported that she was not able to
reach Al Ratterree, while another boat, the Olympia, broke in to say
she could relay and deliver the message.
 Then Kili began to go crazy, alternating between viciousness and
limp whining. Everyone on Dove was getting channel fever.
 The uphill beat was increasingly rough. On the twenty-fifth day,
however, he was only 250 miles from Long Beach. On the twenty-
eighth, he was about 100 miles away. On the twenty-ninth, he passed
San Clemente Island. For the first time, the prospect of actually
going home became a reality.(9)
 His first impression of the California coastline was the stench of
land and civilization. It had a raw, pungent smell of hot asphalt and
 At 7 A.M., on April 30, 1970, Robin sailed in between the break-
waters of Los Angeles harbor, which he had left 1,739 days before in
the first Dove. He had traveled 30,600 sea miles. He was five years
older, now a mature young man, with a wife (pregnant) and his
whole life ahead of him.                                    
 After the enthusiastic welcome by friends, family, and the tele-
vision cameras, he set about to settle the draft board problem, and to
enter Stanford University in his native state.(10)
 When the excitement had subsided, he and Patti enrolled at Stan-

   ~ 304 ~

ford. Until they could sell The Return of Dove, they had little money,
but were able to find a patched-up secondhand mail van and rent a
one-room cabin in the hills near the campus. Robin worked at odd
jobs around the campus. At one point, they had to live on fruit and
vegetables Robin picked up behind a supermarket.
  Robin had planned to get an engineering degree with architecture
as his goal. But the young couple, after roaming the world, found
they had nothing in common with others their age. At the most
critical point in their lives, they had acquired experiences and atti-
tudes that the average youth is never exposed to. Robin noted in his
journals how sad it seemed to him to see some students coming to
college right out of high school, ready to believe anything told them
by cynical professors. He remembered one professor in particular, a
Maoist, who preached passionately for bloody revolution in class, and
was applauded loudly by those students who owned the most expen-
sive Porsches and Jags.
  That first semester at Stanford seemed longer to Robin than the
first two years at sea. After one particular trying day in which he had
to listen to the Maoist professor ranting about his new society in
which "everyone would be equal and thieves would be treated in a
hospital," Robin and Patti stayed awake all night discussing what to
do. The next morning, they decided it was time to move on.
  The Return of Dove finally sold, and as soon as the papers were
signed and they had the money, they headed their battered mail van
toward the northwest. They had discussed going to Canada to settle,
but did not really want to lose their American citizenship. The next
best thing seemed to be Montana, and it was there that they found
what they wanted on a rugged 160-acre timbered homesite in the
mountains near Kalispell. The nearest neighbors were three miles away.
  In the woods around them, they could find the fresh signs of deer,
elk, and bear. They started by building a lean-to cabin from scrap
timber. They cleared a garden patch and planted fruit trees. For the
next six weeks, they stayed in the village where Robin took lessons in
logging and forestry. With a mail order course, they planned to help
educate their daughter, Quimby, and themselves, and meanwhile they
would build a new and simple life style based on understanding and
enjoying the natural world. The neighbors brought them some home-
made cheese, wine, and bread. They stocked their cabin for the
coming winter. Robin went about learning how to kill a deer or elk
for their winter meat supply.
  The thought of Patti and Quimby standing in the doorway of the

   ~ 305 ~

cabin, as he came up the trail with a deer over his shoulders, brought
back the words he had copied into his notebook from the gravestone
of Robert Louis Stevenson in Samoa:

       Home is the sailor, home from the sea,
       And the hunter home from the hill.

    ~ 306 ~

 - end Chapter 34 -

To Chapter 35.


AUTHOR's NOTES Chapter Thirty-four 1. From the epitaph on the gravestone memorial of Robert Louis Stevenson, written by himself before his death on Samoa. 2. Robin was the youngest to circumnavigate, but Dove was not the smallest. John Guzzwell in Trekka had already established this. 3. Many voyagers, particularly those who sail alone, now carry tape recorders. If nothing else it provides the morale-booster of having something to "talk to." Behaviorists have found in recorded tapes a gold mine of research into how the human mind behaves under conditions of extreme tension and long periods of loneliness. 4. See Dove by Robin Lee Graham with Derek L. T. Gill (New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1972). Also the National Geographic magazine, October 1968; April 1969; and October 1970. At this writing, Gregory Peck has announced that he will produce a movie based upon Robin and Patti's life, in- cluding the circumnavigation. A yacht like Dove sold for between $6,000 and $10,000 at the time. Another $5,000 would be required to outfit and prepare for ocean cruising. 5. A better selection of a firearm would have been a .22 rifle or a combination .22/.20 gauge double-barreled survival gun In most parts of the world today, any kind of a handgun is regarded with suspicion, a completely ir- rational and emotion-charged viewpoint, but a fact of life. The most recent voyagers have reported any kind of a firearm is now treated with suspicion and official red tape in most popular ports of call. They recommend none be carried -which shows how much the world has become "civilized" since Captain Slo- cum's day. Three-quarters of a century ago, every sailing yacht carried a sizable arsenal of weapons, and no one ever questioned it. Significantly, there was less violence at that time than there is now, when private firearms are illegal almost everywhere. 6. The Fanning Island group includes Palmyra and Kingman which are U.S. controlled, and Christmas and Washington, both Commonwealth ad- ministered. They lie directly south of Hawaii and about halfway to Tahiti. 7. The Ohra, a 25-foot cutter with an Australian skipper and Canadian mate, had left Darwin on a global voyage, but off Madagascar broke the rudder in a storm. A Japanese freighter came alongside to help, but damaged the boat. The two men had to abandon her. A day later the Ohra washed up ashore near Durban. She was salvaged with the help of a bulldozer. 8. This is the same firm that built Opogee, the first fiberglass boat to sail around the world. 9. By comparison, it took Captain Harry Pidgeon almost eighty days to cover the same route. 10. One reason for Robin's unexpected welcome was that he entered harbor as the fleet centered in the annual Ensenada Race was leaving. All the boats saluted him riproariously as they passed. He was also met by Al Ratterree with Patti and the family yacht at 6 A.M. with a basket of sweet rolls, melon, and champagne, before the customs and immigration officials and the press reached them. Robin remembered the babble of American voices seemed strange to his ears.

To Chapter 35.

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